Kev tshawb fawb txog kev txheeb xyuas tus nqi tsim khoom thiab tswj kev nqis peev casting

Kev nqis peev casting ntau lawm muaj xws li plaub txheej txheem: module npaj, plhaub npaj, alloy meltingthiab casting tom qab kev kho mob. Vim hais tias cov txheej txheem txheej txheem tsis yog tsuas yog ntau yam txheej txheem, cov khoom ntws Complex, ntev ntau lawm voj voog, thiab cov txheej txheem casting yog cov kws tshaj lij. Yog li ntawd, kev siv cov khoom siv los ntawm kev tawm tswv yim mus rau cov zis tsis yog qhov tseeb thiab meej, thiab kev siv ntau yam yog qhov nyuaj thiab cov nyiaj tsis yooj yim tib lub sijhawm, vim qhov sib txawv casting txheej txheem yield thiab yield, nrog rau kev nce ntxiv. peev hauv kev tshem tawm plua plav thiab kev tiv thaiv ib puag ncig, coj mus rau kev nqis peev casting kev lag luam tus nqi txheeb xyuas thiab kev tswj tus nqi Cov txheej txheem nyuaj dua.

1. Cov ntsiab lus tseem ceeb ntawm cov nqi tsim khoom ntawm peev casting tuam txhab

Tus nqi tsim khoom ntawm peev casting yog hais txog tus nqi ncaj qha ntsig txog kev tsim khoom thiab kev ua haujlwm ntawm cov tuam txhab Cov nqi tsim khoom ntawm peev casting muab faib rau cov khoom siv, tus nqi ncaj qha thiab kev tsim khoom. Cov nqi ib puag ncig yog cais nrog rau cov nqi tsim khoom ntawm peev castings.

1.1 Cov khoom siv

Tus nqi ntawm cov khoom siv ncaj qha siv los ntawm cov lag luam hauv cov txheej txheem ntawm kev tsim cov khoom lag luam yog sib sau ua ke raws li cov khoom siv, uas tuaj yeem muab faib ua ntau yam khoom siv raw thiab cov ntaub ntawv tseem ceeb uas yog lub ntsiab ntawm cov khoom raws li kev ua haujlwm sib txawv. Roj thiab lub zog siv los ntawm cov txheej txheem; Ua ke nrog lub luag haujlwm tseem ceeb ntawm cov khoom, los yog pab txhawb kev tsim cov khoom thiab kev siv cov khoom pabcuam.

1.2 Direct Labor

Hais txog cov nyiaj ua haujlwm thiab kev noj qab haus huv ntawm cov neeg ua haujlwm tsim khoom uas ncaj qha koom nrog kev tsim khoom.

1.3 Cov nqi tsim khoom

Hais txog ntau yam kev tswj hwm cov nuj nqis uas tshwm sim los ntawm txhua chav tsim khoom ntawm peev casting tuam txhab rau lub koom haum thiab kev tswj hwm kev tsim khoom, nrog rau kev saib xyuas cov nqi thiab cov nqi qis ntawm cov tshuab thiab khoom siv.

1.4 Tus nqi zoo

Tus nqi zoo yog hais txog tag nrho cov nqi ntawm lub tuam txhab txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhuam cov

1.5 Ib puag ncig tus nqi

Ib puag ncig tus nqi yog hais txog tus nqi coj los yog xav tau los ntsuas qhov cuam tshuam ntawm kev tsim cov casting rau ib puag ncig raws li lub hauv paus ntsiab lus ntawm kev ua lub luag haujlwm rau ib puag ncig, nrog rau kev siv cov hom phiaj ib puag ncig los ntawm cov tuam txhab lwm cov nqi them los ntawm cov qauv thiab cov kev cai. feem ntau suav nrog cov hauv qab no :( 1) tus nqi txo cov pa phem (2) tus nqi ntawm cov khoom pov tseg rov qab, rov siv dua thiab pov tseg (3) tus nqi muag ntsuab (4) tus nqi tswj ib puag ncig (5) tus nqi ntawm kev tiv thaiv ib puag ncig (6) tus nqi poob ib puag ncig

2. Kev nqis peev casting ntau lawm cov ntaub ntawv tus nqi accounting

Cov khoom siv tus nqi yog qhov tseem ceeb ntawm kev nqis peev casting nqi. Nyob rau hauv qhov tseeb zus tau tej cov casting, ib batch ntawm cov khoom yog feem ntau noj los ntawm ntau yam ntawm castings. Yuav ua li cas cov khoom raug nqi tsim nyog

Kev sib sau thiab kev faib tawm ntawm cov khoom sib txawv yog tsim nyog xav txog. Raws li cov txheej txheem ntws ntawm peev casting ntau lawm, cov khoom siv tus nqi tuaj yeem sau thiab faib rau hauv pwm noj thiab pwm plhaub Khoom siv, nqi noj 3 yam tseem ceeb.

2.1 Pwm noj

Hauv kev nqis peev casting, cov khoom siv tuag tuaj yeem rov ua dua. Pwm noj nyob rau hauv ntau lawm mas muaj rov qab poob thiab residual ciab hlawv poob. Thaum cov txheej txheem pwm ua tiav yog kho, nws tuaj yeem ntsuas Xam cov quota noj thiab tus nqi accounting.

2.2 Hom plhaub khoom siv

Plhaub cov ntaub ntawv muaj xws li refractory hmoov, xuab zeb, binder thiab lwm yam. Cov khoom siv raw khoom siv rau kev ua lub plhaub yog cuam tshuam nrog thaj tsam ntawm lub plhaub. Thaum cov khoom siv plhaub, txheej txheej txheej thiab cov txheej txheem yog qhov tseeb, koj tuaj yeem siv pwm pawg pawg thaj chaw lossis hom plhaub qhov hnyav los faib cov nqi khoom.

2.3 Them nqi

Cov khoom siv hlau ntawm peev casting yog melted raws li qhov cub. Thaum xam cov nqi nkag, lub cub tawg tau muab coj los ua chav tsev, thiab cov khoom siv hlau thiab cov castings ntawm txhua lub cub tawg tau sau tseg raws li "qhov cub tooj" Hom thiab ntau.

2.4 Tus nqi suav ntawm cov khoom siv casting

Los ntawm kev sau nyiaj saum toj no, peb tau suav cov nqi pwm poob rau qee yam ntawm cov khoom lag luam casting, tus nqi ntawm cov khoom siv plhaub rau kev tsim khoom ntawm ib qho khoom thiab tus nqi ntawm cov khoom siv hlau rau cov khoom siv.

3. Txoj hauv kev los tswj cov nqi tsim khoom ntawm peev casting tuam txhab

Nyob rau hauv tag nrho cov peev casting ntau lawm tus nqi ntawm cov khoom siv tus nqi yog qhov loj tshaj plaws kev faib ua feem thiab kev cuam tshuam, yog li kev tswj ntawm cov nqi ntawm cov khoom siv yog qhov tseem ceeb ntawm tag nrho cov nqi tswj. Feem ntau, Kev Ua Haujlwm Ncaj Ncees thiab cov nqi tsim khoom muaj me ntsis cuam tshuam rau cov nqi tsim khoom, tab sis tshwj xeeb, tus nqi zoo thiab ib puag ncig tus nqi, xws li cov txheej txheem tawm los thiab tsis lees txais tus nqi, kuj muaj txiaj ntsig zoo rau cov nqi tsim khoom. Rau cov xwm txheej cuam tshuam rau tus nqi tsim khoom ntawm cov lag luam, nws yog ib qho tsim nyog los tsim cov kev tswj hwm kev tswj hwm.

3.1 Txo cov khoom siv

Hauv kev tsim khoom tiag tiag, cov ntaub ntawv nyob rau hauv cov txheej txheem quota yuav tsum tau npaj thiab faib raws li cov phiaj xwm tsim khoom, thiab cov ntaub ntawv tsis ncaj qha siv hauv cov khoom tsim khoom tsis nyob rau hauv cov quota noj yuav tsum tau kuaj xyuas ib qib zuj zus, los ntawm kev txuag cov khoom siv hauv teb rau. txhim kho cov khoom siv tus nqi, los ntawm optimizing tus txheej txheem los ua ib tug scientific thiab tsim nyog piv ntawm cov ntaub ntawv, kom txo tau qhov ratio ntawm tshiab cov ntaub ntawv innovation Tus nqi.

3.2 Txhim kho cov txheej txheem tawm los thiab txo qis kev tsis lees paub tus nqi

Tus txheej txheem tsim thiab tswj qhov chaw yog ob yam tseem ceeb cuam tshuam rau cov txheej txheem tawm los. Cov txheej txheem kev hloov kho yuav tsum tau ua los ntawm kev txheeb xyuas cov txheej txheem ua ntej kev nqis peev loj thiab kev cob qhia cov txheej txheem zoo tsim kev tsim kho tshiab, txhawm rau txhim kho cov khoom lag luam thiab cov txheej txheem tawm los, txo cov nqi khoom. Los ntawm kev txhim kho qhov tseeb ntawm cov casters thiab optimizing cov txheej txheem teb, kev siv tus nqi ntawm cov kua alloy tuaj yeem txhim kho. Optimize site tswj.

3.3 Txuag lub zog thiab txo kev siv hluav taws xob

Kev siv hluav taws xob ntawm kev lag luam foundry suav rau 23% ~ 62% ntawm kev siv hluav taws xob ntawm kev lag luam tshuab. Kev siv lub zog feem ntau yog coke, thee thiab hluav taws xob, ua raws li cov cua compressed, oxygen thiab dej. Kev lag luam Foundry hauv Suav teb Lub zog ua haujlwm tsuas yog 15% ~ 25%. Piv txwv li, cov khoom siv smelting thiab smelting zog siv nyiaj txog li 50% ntawm lub zog noj ntawm tag nrho cov casting ntau lawm. Txhim kho cov khoom siv rov qab smelting tuaj yeem txo qhov kev siv zog ntawm casting ntau lawm Tus yuam sij.

3.4 Txhim khu kev tiv thaiv ib puag ncig thiab txhawb kev kho thiab rov ua dua ntawm cov khib nyiab pov tseg

Kev rov ua dua ntawm cov pov tseg tsis yog tsuas yog txo qhov poob ntawm cov khoom siv, tab sis kuj ncaj qha txo tus nqi. Nyob rau tib lub sijhawm, los ntawm qhov kev xav ntawm ib puag ncig tus nqi, qhov teeb meem kev kho cov khib nyiab yog nyob rau hauv qhov kev siv nyiaj pov tseg xws li kev kho zaum kawg thiab rov ua dua ntawm cov xuab zeb pov tseg tom qab casting plhaub, txuag nqi, txo lub zog pov tseg thiab txo cov pa phem ib puag ncig.

3.5 Txhim kho kev ua haujlwm tsim khoom

Kev ua haujlwm ntau ntxiv tuaj yeem txo cov nqi tas li ntawm ib chav tsev ntawm cov khoom. Txhim kho kev ua haujlwm ntawm kev ua haujlwm, nws yog ib qho tsim nyog los txhim kho cov theem ntawm kev tsim khoom siv tshuab, siv cov thev naus laus zis tshiab, txheej txheem tshiab, kom ua tiav qhov tshwj xeeb.

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Post lub sij hawm: Aug-26-2021